Sardarni Kuldeep Kaur was interviewed by Dr. Meeta Singh, who heads IFES’
Dignity of the Girl Child program in Rajasthan, India. Kuldeep Kaur is 72
years young and has been working tirelessly with her community to stop sex selective
abortions. Her community, Sikhs, has the dubious distinction of having the lowest
female child sex ratio in India. Dr. Singh met with Kuldeep Kaur in the latter’s
home in Jaipur on January 31, 2007.
MS: When did you first hear about the issue of female feticide?
KK: Though I have been aware that sex selection and female feticide do happen
all around us, it was only at the Rajasthan University Women’s Association
(RUWA) Workshop on 26 October 2005 that I really woke up to the issue. The film
“Kukh Vich Katal” [Murder in the Womb] shown at the workshop left
an indelible impact on my mind. The other speakers also highlighted the problem
in a manner that I was quite shaken.
MS: Why did this issue resonate with you personally? Why did you feel a need
to get involved?
KK: That day the issue took me back in time to my own childhood. I was a little
girl; we lived in Ferozepur, a small town in Punjab. My little sister was just
born and a neighbor dropped in and asked my father whether he would keep the girl
or get rid of her. Father was livid and asked the neighbor to leave and never
mention something like this ever again. He pampered us so much. I remember that
incident to this day. Somehow the workshop was the beginning of a calling. A voice
told me that I must do something. We can’t simply allow our unborn daughters
to die like this.
MS: Why is female feticide so prevalent in the Sikh community?
KK: I think FF is a problem with the Sikh community because of land holdings in
the Punjab. The smaller farmers do not want daughters because it means selling
off land to pay dowry; the bigger farmers do not want daughters because they would
rather have sons who will till the land than daughters who will have to be married
off. Also there is the question of honor, bowing down before the groom’s
family is hurtful to the ego. Then the security of the girls is another problem.
MS: Tell me about the activities you are organizing in support of the campaign
against female feticide.
KK: I started this campaign with the women of the Sikh community in Jaipur. I
formed ladies’ groups and called them Samooh Stree Satsang [women’s
group of worshippers] with women who come regularly to the gurudwara [Sikh place
MS: Where do these activities take place? What is the scope of your activities
KK: We have 20 gurudwaras in Jaipur so we formed 20 groups in areas where the
gurudwaras are located. Every month, we have a meeting in one of the gurudwaras
by rotation. We sing hymns and religious songs, and we pray but between the hymns
we also discuss the problem of female feticide. I tell the women to discuss the
issue in their own homes and neighborhoods and get as many people as possible
to sign oath papers saying they will never indulge in female feticide themselves,
and they will never allow it to happen. So far we have interacted with 1,780 people,
of which 479 are men. We also invite speakers from outside to explain the issue.
We are trying to involve the men with the issue. We are working at the district
level and the state level but we do need to reach out to the villages as well.
We will need much more time for that.
MS: Can you give me a specific example of how your work has been received
by a particular person, maybe another woman, community leader or members of a
KK: Many important people who come to the gurudwara give me a lot of respect for
my work. One person who I would like to especially mention is Sardar Jasbir Singh,
who is the Chairperson of the Minorities Commission in Rajasthan. He is interested
in sensitizing other minority communities on this issue as well. In Sri Ganganagar,
Timma and Harpreet, who are the youth leaders there, have also been very enthusiastic
in taking up the issue with the Sikh community.
MS: What is the hardest part about your work?
KK: The hardest part…well, mobility is a problem, and I am not getting any
Of course, changing mindsets is never easy.
MS: Have you received criticism/threats for working on this issue?
KK: No, fortunately my community respects me a lot and is quite appreciative of
MS: Tell me about something that happened that inspired you to keep working
on this issue.
KK: I was invited to attend a national consultation on female feticide in Pune.
It had been organized by the Centre for Youth Development and Action and the United
Nations Population Fund. It was a national-level platform, but people there listened
to me carefully when I shared my experiences with them. They asked me for my suggestions
and gave me respect. That recognition spurred me on to work harder. I was happy
that so much confidence had been reposed in me. I told them that Guru Nanak had
advocated social ostracism for people who kill their daughters.
MS: What can people, both internationals and Indians, do to help you?
KK: People at the international level as well as Indians can do so much. Discuss
the issue, hold conferences and discussions—big and small. Don’t be
afraid to talk about it, condemn female feticide when it happens, and try and
stop it whenever you can. Also, they can help with vocational training for girls
so that they can be economically independent.
MS: How did the idea of tying female feticide to a wedding
in Sri Ganganagar come about?
KK: I had gone to Sri Ganganagar to initiate the Samooh Stree Satsang there and
to address a camp of adolescent girls and sensitize them to the issue of female
feticide. I also held meetings with the leaders of the Sikh Sangat [community].
There, I learnt that a community wedding was in the offing. I suggested that they
could dedicate the event to the cause of saving the girl child. My suggestion
received a good response. I also met with Timma and Harpreet, who I found very
enthusiastic. They were the main organizers and they took it forward from there.
I felt that if the couples would start their lives with a mindset that condemns
female feticide, it would be helpful.
MS: Did you attend the wedding? What do you remember most?
KK: Yes I did attend the wedding. What I remember most is the collective oath
that was administered by the priests who performed the weddings to the newlywed
couples and nearly a thousand people present. This, I think, is significant because
people listen to the priests and holy men, and the commitment becomes public so
they become accountable in many ways. When you commit in front of so many people,
you can’t go and commit sex selection and female feticide so easily. What
I also remember is the way a woman of the Sikh community was honored. This woman
had decided to go against her husband and, at the cost of being abandoned by him,
did not agree to abort her baby girl, her third daughter. This is a strong example
of courage. And I am happy that the Sikh community decided to honor her.
MS: Are there other weddings like this planned?
KK: Yes, we are planning a similar community wedding in Jaipur. The date has not
been decided yet. But we have spoken with the Gianiji [Sikh priest] regarding
administering the oath against female feticide, and he has agreed.
MS: Have there been opportunities to work with people from other communities
affected by female feticide?
KK: Yes we have worked with other communities, especially the Jains. The inter-community
cell in RUWA also brings together leaders from various communities once every
few months. We share our experiences, our problems and try and find solutions.
We also draw inspiration from one another. We all need to work together if we
have to stop female feticide in this country and give dignity to our daughters.
RUWA is carrying forward what they started almost two years ago.
MS: What do people need to remember most about this issue and your work in
the Sikh community?
KK: What people need to remember about me and my work is that they must STOP sex
selection and female feticide. They need to remember that girls are to be valued,
loved and cared for and not killed in the womb.
MS: What is the state of women’s leadership in the NGO community and
broader Indian community?
KK: Women’s leadership is emerging. Girls are very capable and do so well
when they get opportunities. But more women need to come forward. They need to
provide support to each other.
MS: What challenges do you face as a grassroots activist?
KK: My greatest challenge is to try and change mindsets. To keep working until
female feticide comes to an end.
MS: How can we have breakthroughs in the area of female feticide?
KK: The value and dignity of the girl child needs to be established. Dowry must
stop, through laws, public opinion, whatever. Girls must get equal opportunities.
It is sad when girls are thrown out of their marital homes for not bringing dowry
and subjected to violence. I feel pained [when I hear about that].
MS: What advice would you offer to younger women?
KK: My advice to younger women is that they must understand that women can change
the world. They need to discover their strength and power from within themselves
and work together to break silences. Even our scriptures say that ‘Why should
we talk ill of her, she who gives birth to kings?’”